The term “percentage in point” (pip) refers to a unit of change in the rate of exchange of a currency pair that is used in finance, particularly in foreign exchange markets.

In foreign exchange, the slightest possible change in the exchange rate between two currencies is expressed as a percentage in point, commonly referred to as a pip or point. Four decimal places, or one ten thousandths, are used to calculate most major currencies. A percentage change would be a change in the fourth or last decimal point when two significant currencies are matched, such as the US Dollar and the Canadian Dollar (US/CAD).

The mathematical difference between two percentages is referred to as a percentage point. 10% represents a 1% increase over 9%.

If a country’s GDP (gross domestic product) increased by 2% in 2016 and by 1% in 2015, this indicates that GDP in 2016 increased by 2%, not by 1%, but by 100% (2% is double 1%). Something is said to be doubled when it is 100% greater.

In the pricing of the major currencies, a pip is one unit of the 4th fdecimal place, or 1/100 of a cent for dollar currencies (apart from the Japanese yen). the second decimal place is one unit of a pip. Due to the yen’s value being significantly closer to one hundredth of other major currencies.

A bigger percentage in point change in the exchange rate of a currency pair indicates that buying the base currency with the quote currency is now more expensive. Investors strive for narrower percentage point spreads between currency pairings when trading on foreign exchange markets. The profit of a currency investor can be significantly impacted by a shift of even one pip.

If the Euro/U.S. dollar currency pair When the exchange rate for the dollar (EUR/USD) changes from 1.3010 to 1.3000 (1 EUR = 1.3 USD), the price ratio rises by 10 pips.

For example:

A trader who purchases 5 standard lots of EUR/USD for US$650,000 (5 x 100,000 = 500,000) and then exits the position after the price has increased by 10 pip will receive US$650,500 with a profit of US$500 (5 standard lots x 0.0010 = US$500). The majority of retail trading by speculators is done on margin accounts, which only require a modest portion (usually 1% of the purchase price) of the transaction’s equity. Due to the Japanese Yen’s value being 0.01 versus the US dollar, there is an exception to this rule.

Another example, For macroeconomic metrics like inflation, percentage points are frequently utilized. 100 basis points are also equivalent to one percentage point. For instance, India’s inflation rate in November 2012 was 7.24%, while in December 2012 it was 7.18%. As a result, we can conclude that inflation changed by


The time value adjustment made to the spot rate is quoted in pips, FX points, or forward points in the forward foreign exchange market .

Sometimes a pip is mistaken with the tick size, which is the smallest change in a quote. Although currency pairs are frequently quoted with four decimal places, a given market’s tick size could, for instance, be 5 pips or 1/2 pip.